Cube

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Important Notice

This website is maintained by CET Capital Limited which is a limited company registered in England. Its registered offices are at 55 Bryanston Street, London, W1H 7LZ. CET is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority no. 446267.

This website is provided for your general information only and does not constitute investment advice or an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any investment.

Nothing on this website is advice on the merits of any product or investment, nothing constitutes investment, legal, tax or any other advice nor is it to be relied on in making an investment decision. Prospective investors should obtain independent investment advice and inform themselves as to applicable legal requirements, exchange control regulations and taxes in their jurisdiction.

This website shall not constitute an underwriting commitment, an offer of financing, an offer to sell, or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities described herein, which shall be subject to CET internal approvals. No transaction or service related thereto is contemplated without CET subsequent formal agreement.

This website contains indicative summaries of the terms and conditions of the securities/transactions described herein and may be amended, superseded or replaced by subsequent summaries. The final terms and conditions of the transaction and any related security will be set out in full in the applicable transaction confirmation, offering document(s), pricing supplement or binding transaction document(s).

CET does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of information which is contained in this website and which is stated to have been obtained from or is based upon trade and statistical services or other third party sources. Any data on past performance, modelling, scenario analysis or back-testing contained herein is no indication as to future performance. No representation is made as to the reasonableness of the assumptions made within or the accuracy or completeness of any modelling, scenario analysis or back-testing. All opinions and estimates are given as of the date hereof and are subject to change. The value of any investment may fluctuate as a result of market changes. The information in this website is not intended to predict actual results and no assurances are given with respect thereto.

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Parts of this website are being made available in the UK to persons who are investment professionals as defined in Article 19 of the FSMA 2000 {Financial Promotion Order) 2005. Any investments to which the contents of these parts relates to will be entered into only with such persons. Clients should contract and execute transactions through a broker in their home jurisdiction unless local regulations permit otherwise. The materials contained in these parts of website are not for distribution to retail customers.

CET does not provide, and has not provided, any investment advice or recommendation to you in relation to the transaction and/or any related securities described herein. You may not rely on any communication (written or oral) from CET as investment advice or as a recommendation to enter into any transaction. Accordingly CET is under no obligation to, and shall not, determine the suitability for you of the transaction described herein. You must determine, on your own behalf or through independent professional advice, the merits, terms and conditions and risks of the transaction described herein. You must also satisfy yourself that you are capable of assuming, and assume, the risks of any such transaction. CET accepts no liability whatsoever for any losses arising from the use of this website or its content or reliance on the information contained herein, even if CET knew of the possibility of those losses.

Retail Investors

Structured products are “complex instruments” this means that they will only be appropriate for you if you have sufficient knowledge and experience. In order to access the site you need to be able to agree to all of the following statements

Exclusion of Liability

Certain documents made available on the website have been prepared and issued by persons other than ***. This includes any Prospectus. *** is not responsible in any way for the content of any such document. Except in those cases, the information on the website has been given in good faith and every effort has been made to ensure its accuracy. Nevertheless, *** shall not be responsible for loss occasioned as a result of reliance placed on any part of the website and it makes any warranty as to the accuracy of any information or content on the website. The description of any ETP Security referred to in this website is a general one. The terms and conditions applicable to investors will be set out in the Prospectus, available on the website and should be read prior to making any investment.

Risk Warnings

You should always bear in mind that;

  • You already hold other retail investments like funds, investment trusts or structured products
  • You would consider yourself to be a knowledgeable and informed investor
  • You understand the way that the investment return, the maturity value and any income are calculated by reference to the performance of underlying assets
  • You realize that you are not investing in the underlying assets but instead into a products whose performance is linked to these assets
  • You are prepared to invest into products where your capital is at risk
  • You have sufficient financial resources to be able to accept a loss on investments you make
  • You understand that the investment return and any coupon that you receive from structured products will depend on the performance of the underlying assets, and so you may not receive any investment return or income
  • The return of the capital may also be linked to the performance of the underlying assets. You understand how this is calculated, and appreciate that the amount that you receive back when a product matures may be less than you paid for it
  • The defined value of each product will only be realised if the product is held to the maturity date. You understand that if you sell a product before the maturity date you will not get the defined value, and the amount that you receive may be less than the amount that you invested.
  • You understand that if the issuer is unable to meet their obligations to pay the amount due when the product matures, that you will not receive the defined value and will loose some or all of the money you have invested
  • You understand that there are charges built into structured products.
  • You understand the personal tax implications associated with investing in structured products

United States Persons

The information provided on this site is not directed to any United States person or any person in the United States, any state thereof, or any of its territories or possessions.

Persons accessing this website in the European Economic Area.

Exclusion of Liability

Certain documents made available on the website have been prepared and issued by persons other than CET Capital Limited. This includes any Prospectus. CET Capital Limited is not responsible in any way for the content of any such document. Except in those cases, the information on the website has been given in good faith and every effort has been made to ensure its accuracy. Nevertheless, CET Capital Limited shall not be responsible for loss occasioned as a result of reliance placed on any part of the website and it makes any warranty as to the accuracy of any information or content on the website. The description of any Security referred to in this website is a general one. The terms and conditions applicable to investors will be set out in the Prospectus, available on request and should be read prior to making any investment.

Risk Warnings

Investments of the type described therein may involve a high degree of risk, and the value of such instruments may be highly volatile. Such risks may include, without limitation, risk of adverse or unanticipated market developments, risk of counterparty or issuer default and risk of liquidity. Accordingly you must independently determine, with your own advisors, the appropriateness for you of the securities/transaction before investing or transacting. You should always bear in mind that;

  • The investment performance of any security referred to on this website can be volatile and can go up or down and you can lose your entire investment.
  • Past performance is not an indication of future performance.
  • Rates of exchange may affect the value of investments.
  • Applications to invest in securities referred to on this website must only be made on the basis of the relevant Prospectus.

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In the event that you on-sell any investment described herein, you agree to disclose, to the full extent required by any regulations applicable to such sale, any fees or inducements received by you from CET in connection with such investment. CET, its affiliates and the individuals associated therewith may (in various capacities) have positions or deal in transactions or securities (or related derivatives) identical or similar to those described herein.

NO ACTION HAS BEEN TAKEN OR WILL BE TAKEN THAT WOULD PERMIT A PUBLIC OFFERING OF THE SECURITIES DESCRIBED HEREIN IN ANY JURISDICTION IN WHICH ACTION FOR THAT PURPOSE IS REQUIRED. NO OFFERS, SALES, RESALES OR DELIVERY OF THE SECURITIES DESCRIBED HEREIN OR DISTRIBUTION OF ANY OFFERING MATERIAL RELATING TO SUCH SECURITIES MAY BE MADE IN OR FROM ANY JURISDICTION EXCEPT IN CIRCUMSTANCES WHICH WILL RESULT IN COMPLIANCE WITH ANY APPLICABLE LAWS AND REGULATIONS AND WHICH WILL NOT IMPOSE ANY OBLIGATION ON CET OR ANY OF ITS AFFILIATES. THIS WEBSITE DOES NOT DISCLOSE ALL THE RISKS AND OTHER SIGNIFICANT ISSUES RELATED TO AN INVESTMENT IN THE SECURITIES/TRANSACTION. PRIOR TO TRANSACTING, POTENTIAL INVESTORS SHOULD ENSURE THAT THEY FULLY UNDERSTAND THE TERMS OF THE SECURITIES/TRANSACTION AND ANY APPLICABLE RISKS. THIS WEBSITE IS NOT A PROSPECTUS FOR ANY SECURITIES DESCRIBED HEREIN. INVESTORS SHOULD ONLY SUBSCRIBE FOR ANY TRANSFERABLE SECURITIES DESCRIBED HEREIN ON THE BASIS OF INFORMATION IN THE RELEVANT PROSPECTUS (WHICH HAS BEEN OR WILL BE PUBLISHED AND MAY BE OBTAINED FROM CET), AND NOT ON THE BASIS OF ANY INFORMATION PROVIDED HEREIN.

CET Investing is a trading division of CET Capital Ltd, Registered in England No. 04986900. CET Capital Ltd is regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority No. 446267. This website is confidential, and no part of it may be reproduced, distributed or transmitted without the prior written permission of CET.

(1) I HAVE READ UNDERSTOOD AND ACCEPT THIS DISCLAIMER AND

(2) I CONFIRM THAT I AM NOT A RESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES AND UNDERSTAND (A) THAT THE INFORMATION THAT FOLLOWS IS ONLY BEING OFFERED TO AND IS ONLY INTENDED TO BE AVAILABLE TO PERSONS WHO ARE NOT RESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES AND (B) THAT CET AND ITS AFFILIATES WILL RELY ON THE ACCURACY OF THIS INFORMATION

Please read and agree to the following statements

Structured products are “complex instruments” this means that they will only be appropriate for you if you have sufficient knowledge and experience. In order to access the site you need to be able to agree to all of the following statements

  • I already hold other retail investments like funds, investment trusts or structured products
  • I consider myself to be a knowledgeable and informed investor
  • I understand the way that the investment return, the maturity value and any income are calculated by reference to the performance of underlying assets
  • I realize that I am not investing in the underlying assets but instead into a products whose performance is linked to these assets
  • I am prepared to invest into products where my capital is at risk
  • I have sufficient financial resources to be able to accept a loss on investments I make
  • I understand that the investment return and any coupon that I receive from structured products will depend on the performance of the underlying assets, and so I may not receive any investment return or income
  • The return of the capital may also be linked to the performance of the underlying assets.
  • I understand how this is calculated, and appreciate that the amount that you receive back when a product matures may be less than I paid for it
  • The defined value of each product will only be realised if the product is held to the maturity date. I understand that if I sell a product before the maturity date I will not get the defined value, and the amount that I receive may be less than the amount that I invested.
  • I understand that if the issuer is unable to meet their obligations to pay the amount due when the product matures, that I will not receive the defined value and will lose some or all of the money I have invested
  • I understand that there are charges built into structured products.
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Research & Analysis

Preparing for MiFID II. Product governance. Online pricing and stress testing toolApril 11, 2017 - 10:55

MiFID II will impact us all from January 2018.  We are already working with several manufacturers and distributors, helping them to develop their capability in the following areas:

- Defining the target market
- Product governance; product design, testing and approval
- Demonstrating that products are suitable and appropriate for the target market
- Communicating with distributors and investors
- Best Execution
- Monitoring products over time

PRODUCT GOVERNANCE
There is a significantly greater emphasis placed on product development and governance with MiFID II. Manufacturers and distributors need to develop products to meet the needs of specific target clients, and crucially, to show that they have done this. MiFID II requires that there are policies and procedures, and that there is overt management oversight.

In our opinion this means that the minimum requirement is that manufacturers and distributors need to show that the risk and return of each product matches the attitude to risk and investment objective of the target client.  There are other characteristics of the product that need to considered as well, such as complexity, duration, market exposure and so on.  But the starting point is risk and return.

To comply with MiFID II manufacturers need to be able to calculate the return that investors may get and the risks that they face in a way that is compatible with the way that distributors define the investment objective and attitude to risk of investors.  For most distributors, this is expected return and volatility.

 

ONLINE PRODUCT PRICING AND TESTING
We have developed an online product pricing and stress testing facility that is available to professional investors through Investment Product Research (IPR).  This facility has been designed for product manufacturers and distributors.

- Users can upload most of the commonly used product shapes quickly and easily.
- Attach term sheets or other product material to the product in IPR.
- Indicative pricing based on a broad range of different issuers.
- Instant multi scenario stress-test
   - Historic back-test
   - PRIIPS
   - UK SPA bear / neutral / bull
   - IPR Market risk
   - IPR Market and issuer risk
- Users can determine the immediate output and download a PDF summary
   - Return:  CAGR, Arithmetic Return, IRR, chance and scale of a positive return, VaR 10 and VaR 50
   - Risk:  volatility, chance and scale of loss, worst case return, VaR 90
   - Value for money: fair value, chance of return above benchmark, Sharpe.
-  Users can view the product on the main IPR listing to see more detailed analysis
   - Back test chart
   - Chance of each event on each scenario
   - Download IPR Product Report for an example
   - Download product analysis via an API
   - Full PRIIPS KID analysis

ISSUER ANALYSIS
Manufacturing distributors may think that they can rely on the stress tests done by the issuing banks.  This approach may be difficult in practice.  Different banks have different stress test processes and may calculate risk and return in different ways. The manufacturing distributor will then have to develop a process to normalise the results.  Issuing banks may be reluctant to allow manufacturing distributors unfettered access to the pricing and stress testing tools that are required pre-trade.  The manufacturing distributor will be reliant on the issuer providing on-going analysis to enable the product to be monitored over time.

PRIIPS / MiFID
There is some overlap between MiFID II and the PRIPPS requirement.  MiFID II is much broader and sell specific.  The PRIIPS regulations are very focused and prescriptive, but in our view result in a document that will be of little use for investors or distributors.  The risk numbers are not granular enough.  The lend of market and issuer risk in the SRRI is unhelpful for investors that want to have an independent assessment of both.  It's difficult to know how to calculate the intermediate period valuations, or what they mean.

PLEASE CONTACT CUBE TO ARRANGE A FREE TRIAL AND DEMONSTRATION
If you would like to have a demonstration and free trial of the product pricing and stress testing facility please contact David, Simon or Matthew.

 


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David Stuff
  • Author

    David Stuff

David has been involved in equity derivatives, equity structuring and the structured product market for over 25 years. Before setting up CUBE in 2013 David worked at J.P. Morgan, Barclays and RBS. David has worked with and for retail product providers, discretionary managers and institutional investors.